Journal №2
Personal Data Protection According to the "Three-step Test" of the European Court of Human Rights: Risks and Challenges
∘ Tinatin Lolomadze ∘


Data protection is a key aspect of the legislative space. Data protection protects personal information Privacy and security in the face of technological advances and increased data usage. The article discusses the practice of the European Court of Human Rights and the “three-step” test, which is a widely recognized principle, and is used to assess the legality and validity of restrictions on fundamental rights. The “three-step” test requires that any limitation of a right, such as the right to data protection, must meet three criteria: legitimacy, necessity and proportionality. By following a three-step test, legislators and judges can strike a balance between protecting data privacy and a legitimate purpose or interest.

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